How does a Reciprocating Pump work?

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A reciprocating pump is a preferred pump from the category of positive displacement pumps. It is a mechanical device that converts mechanical energy into hydraulic power. In this article, we will also discuss the principle of the reciprocating pump and its various components. Such a positive displacement pump uses the piston to pump fluid from one to another. The reciprocating pump uses the piston for pumping purpose; Hence, it is also known as a piston pump.

The reciprocating pump has a working principle according to the forth and back speed of the piston. In contrast, dynamic pumps use the kinetic energy of the impeller to pump fluid from the lower head area to the higher head areas.

This can be achieved by pulling the fluid into the cylinder with the reciprocating piston. The piston pushes the fluid out and increases the compressive strength of the fluid.


  1. Reciprocating pumps use for oil drilling applications.
  2. Uses in the servicing water stations for automobiles etc.
  3. Piston pump uses in an oil refinery.
  4. This pump utilizes for light oil pumping.
  5. Utilizes in the Petrochemical industries
  6. It uses in pneumatic systems.
  7. These pumps use in natural gas industries.
  8. For blow up bicycle tyres.
  9. Supply of small boilers with condensate.

Fore reading in details, visit the following link:

How does a Reciprocating Pump work?

What are the different types of Positive Displacement Pumps?

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